Organelle, Membrane Traffic and Autophagy
Autophagy refers to a group of processes that involve degradation of cytoplasmic components including cytosol, macromolecular complexes, and organelles, within the vacuole or the lysosome of higher eukaryotes. Research is currently focusing on the transformation of new raw materials into biofuels. To date, yeast is the best micro-organism to produce alcoholic fermentation from simple sugars. Humans, with centuries of experience in this field in baking, wine-making or brewing, have very effective strains available to them. They are now used to make biofuels from renewable agricultural products - beet, sugar cane, molasses and other amylased products. Research is currently focusing on the transformation of new raw materials into biofuels.